The Faculty of Medicine was established in 1781, and the first thesis was defended in 1785. Today, the faculty is known for its research activities not only in Europe, but also in many countries around the world. It has educated famous physicians, scientists, highly qualified personalities with an extensive university background; at all times they have been preparing and defending medical scientific dissertations important not only to Lithuania but also to the world’s biomedical science.
The total number of researchers working at the Faculty of Medicine is over 400, of them 59 are habilitated doctors or those who have passed the habilitation procedure, and 291 science doctors.
After 1990, the Faculty of Medicine has been substantially reformed, with the emergence of new scientific priorities and promotion of scientific fields relevant to the world today: human and medical genetics, genomics, organ transplantation, re­search on atherosclerosis, the quality of life and environment, as well as on mental health, bioeth­ics and health policy sciences, searching for new diagnostic, treatment, prevention and rehabilitation techniques.

Over the recent years, medical sciences at Vilnius University have successfully joined a great number of international projects, such as FP5, FP6, FP7, EURECA, PHARE, ERASMUS, STOP II, NATO, GROWTH, QUALITY OF LIFE, BRIMHEALTH, CEECFOODS, EURAP, EUNO ­ MIA, EUROPHEP NET, BIT NET, PECO, AGIS, ISEC, EuroroRotaNet, NeoMero and others. Currently, scientists of the Faculty of Medi­cine of Vilnius University are working in four fields of research, which are in line with the priorities of the European research and contribute to the overall development of science and medical tech­nology:

  • human genome diversity, its origin and pheno­typic realization;
  • human and public health, quality of life and the environment;
  • bioethics, health law and policy;
  • ethiopathogenesis, diagnosis and therapy of diseases: fundamental and clinical research, innovative technologies.

The Faculty of Medicine of Vilnius University coordinates the implementation of nine projects of the European Union Structural Funds. Five projects involving the Faculty of Medicine are being implemented in conjunction with the Science Council of Lithuania, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Vilnius University Oncology Institute. Within the na­tional education program “Chronic non­infectious diseases”, in 2009–2011 five research projects were being implemented.
In 2010, the Global Grants project “Genetic diversity and structural changes of the Lithuanian population related to the evolution of the most prevalent diseases” was approved (head Prof. V. Kučinskas).
Recent results of tendering procedures indicate the high potential of the infrastructure and train­ ing level, of human resources and research of the Faculty of Medicine. The expert panel of the Centre for Quality Assessment in Higher Education of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Lithuania selected the ANTROPOGENT applica­tion of the Human Genome Research Centre, sub­mitted by the researchers of the Faculty of Medi­cine in 2007, and merged it with the application of EKOGEN of the Ecological Genetics Labora­tory Centre of Vilnius University, thus establishing the highest ­level United UNIGENT Genomic Research Group (leading scientists Prof. V. Kučinskas, Prof. J. Lazutka and others). It has also another high­ level research team for the project “Cardiovascular imaging and signals for diagnosis and treatment” (leading scientist Prof. A. Laucevičius and others).